Allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the nose) and allergic rhinosinusitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa and sinuses)
It includes periods of sneezing, runny nose and nasal congestion, which are often accompanied by itching of the nose, eyes and palate (roof of the mouth) and secretions from the back of the nose and throat, cough, irritability and weakness. It should be noted that because the nasal mucosa and sinuses are continuous and are located along each other, therefore, in most cases, their irritation symptoms are usually seen together. This condition is not contagious and is not transmitted to another person through sneezing because the main cause of nasal allergy is hereditary and genetic factors.
Factors that cause symptoms of allergic rhinitis:
Allergic rhinitis occurs when the body’s immune system reacts to an irritant in the air (trigger).
In such situations, the immune system tries to protect the body by releasing chemicals (histamine) into the bloodstream. Histamine causes the mucous membranes in the nose, eyes, and throat to become inflamed and symptoms such as runny nose, itching, and sneezing appear. The following factors contribute to the occurrence of many types of allergies, including nasal allergies, including:
Tree and weed pollen
Pet hair and skin
Mites that exist in clothes, carpets, sheets and furniture (house dust mites)
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis:
Nasal congestion, sneezing and runny nose
Itchy nose, throat and eyes
Headache, sinusitis and darkness under the eyes
Increased mucus secretions in the nose and throat
Fatigue and lethargy
Sore throat caused by pharyngeal secretions
Wheezing, coughing and breathing problems
Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis:
Conducting clinical examinations
Blood tests to measure IgE
Performing allergy skin tests
Treatment of allergic rhinitis:
Drug treatment that can be inhaled and orally
Allergen immunotherapy (allergy vaccine) in cases where the cause of the disease is diagnosed after allergy diagnostic tests.